“Scania’s long-term investment in health”

New films from Scania

Scania has released two films on the workplace wellness programme in South Africa. The films highlight three different aspects of the programme; community outreach at Soweto Kiptown Youth Centre, peer education and campaigns reaching truck and bus drivers with information on HIV and wellness as well as access to testing.

Scania South Africa was the recipient of the SWHAP Achievement Award 2014 for Most Comprehensive Programme.

Watch the films here.




Condolence Message- Hon George Muchai

We at SWHAP were deeply saddened to hear about the death of Hon George Muchai on Saturday morning.  The former Deputy Secretary General of the Central Organization of Trade Unions – Kenya and Member of Parliament for Kabete, believed in collaboration between workers and management in the implementation of successful programmes and was an inspiration to the SWHAP network in Kenya. He was featured in the SWHAP Film in 2013.

We would like to extend our condolences to his family, colleagues, friends and the Kenyan nation.

SWHAP 7.11.2013 conference 036

From left: Hon George Muchai with Justus Maina Otakwa, General Secretary, Amalgamated Union of Kenya Metal Workers and Daniel Mwaura, SWHAP Coordinator East Africa at the SWHAP 2013 Conference.

Addressing GBV in the DRC

20141125_123725To commemorate the International Day for Elimination of Violence Against Women and the beginning of the 16 day campaign against gender based violence, SWHAP in the DRC held a network meeting to build capacity within steering committees to address populations considered at higher risk of HIV infection. These groups include women, Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender and Intersexed (LGBTI) individuals and men who have sex with men (MSM). According to the UNAIDS Gap Report, young women and adolescent girls are disproportionately vulnerable to HIV infection, being twice as likely as young men to be living with HIV. There are many reasons for this including culture, biology, economics, unequal power relations between men and women and gender based violence (GBV). Women who fear or experience violence lack the power to ask their partners to use condoms or to refuse unprotected sex, and fear of violence can prevent women from learning and/or sharing their HIV status and accessing treatment. Women who face intimate partner violence are at a 50% increased risk of acquiring HIV (UNAIDS). Stigma, discrimination and fear of violence also means LGBTI persons and MSM are at higher risk of contracting HIV. Laws and social customs in many countries condone discrimination against these groups limiting their access to health care services.

During the network meeting a human rights and gender specialist from UNAIDS explored the link between gender based violence and HIV with the participants. Testimonies from MSM and LGBTI persons also addressed misconceptions and provided confidential hotline numbers for additional information and support. SWHAP considers workplaces an important entry point for raising awareness on the sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) of vulnerable groups.

SWHAP, ILO and COTU Seminar for Building and Construction Sector

The construction industry in Kenya is one of the key drivers of the country’s Gross Domestic Product. Growth in this industry has attracted many foreign and local workers. However HIV and AIDS continue to be major challenges in this male-dominated sector with ignorance on the transmission of HIV contributing to the spread of the virus. Against this background SWHAP in Kenya partnered with the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Central Organization of Trade Unions (COTU) to raise awareness on HIV and AIDS and occupational health and safety in the Building and Construction sector.

Workers’ representatives from the sector were challenged to advocate for structured HIV and wellness programmes and to encourage members of their respective unions to undergo Voluntary Counselling and Testing. Of the 16 workplaces represented at the forum only one had a policy on HIV and AIDS and only two companies had conducted awareness and VCT sessions. These companies will now be supported through a mentorship programme to develop policies on HIV and AIDS, whilst a national policy for the sector is also developed.

Promoting healthier drivers and safer roads

Drivers’ general health impacts on their ability to do their jobs. Additionally, sexually transmitted infections including HIV, are a growing concern in the transport industry and long distance truck drivers are especially at risk. In order to promote good health amongst this group SWHAP partners in the transport industry hold targeted campaigns addressing their HIV and general wellness needs.

In Zimbabwe, Scania dealer Scanlink in partnership with SWHAP, ILO, the National AIDS Council and the Ministry of Transport set up a wellness and HIV screening campaign along a busy highway. While motorists participated in VCT and wellness screening, Scanlink technicians provided a bumper to bumper check of vehicles issuing defect sheets where necessary. Peer Educators from Scanlink and Ericom lent their support to this initiative, handing out information, male and female condoms and encouraging truck drivers and motorists to get tested.


On November 29, Scania South Africa used the Southern Africa Regional Finals of the international Scania Driver Competition to offer free VCT and wellness screening to competition participants and spectators. The competition attracted over 700 skilled bus and truck drivers from the region with 38 drivers from Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Tanzania making it to the finals. Drivers were judged on three factors: safe driving skills, economical driving and environmental impact. Lawrence Nkwinika from South Africa won Best bus driver, whilst Nicolaas Kallie Truter from Namibia won Best truck driver. Congratulations to Scania for a campaign that puts driver health at the heart of safety.
Scania driver competition 2

International Human Rights Day

Human rights are linked to the spread and impact of HIV, with lack of rights exacerbating the impact of the disease. Issues such as gender inequality, discrimination, poverty and social injustice contribute to and increase the impact of HIV.  The protection and promotion of human rights is essential in the global response to HIV and the realisation of human rights means access to education, information, care, treatment and support for individuals affected or infected by HIV and AIDS.

SWHAP supported workplaces are working towards healthy working environments where the human rights and dignity of all people including those living with HIV or other medical conditions are protected and respected. Workplace HIV and Wellness policies recognise HIV and AIDS as a workplace issue and ensure, the provision of education, information sharing, confidentiality, access to medical treatment and support services for all employees. HIV positive employees are accorded the same rights, facilities, benefits and opportunities as those with other serious or life threatening illnesses.

Sandvik East Africa

Workplace policies are also taking in to account the gender differentiated vulnerabilities to HIV and are attempting to address the biological, socio-cultural and economic reasons that make women more vulnerable to the disease. Workplace programmes include spouses of the predominantly male workforce, encouraging shared confidentiality especially partner notification and support income generating projects for spouses.

The slogan for this year “Human Rights 365”, reminds us that every day is Human Rights Day and that we need to keep pressing on to ensure the fulfilment of human rights for all.

World AIDS Day 2014

The Swedish Workplace HIV and AIDS Programme (SWHAP) joins the rest of the world in commemorating World AIDS Day 2014. The theme for this year, “Closing the gap”, focuses efforts on empowering and enabling people everywhere to access the HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services that they need, ensuring that no one is left behind.

UNAIDS has set bolds targets for the elimination of the AIDS epidemic as a global health threat by 2030. These targets relate to zero discrimination, reduction in the number of new infections to 200,000 amongst adults by 2030 and 95-95-95 for treatment (95% of all people living with HIV knowing their status; 95% of all people diagnosed with HIV receiving treatment and; 95% of all people on treatment achieving viral load suppression).  According to UNAIDS “without scale-up the AIDS epidemic will continue to outrun the response, increasing the long-term need for HIV treatment and increasing future costs.”  Scaling up will result in a 15-fold return on HIV investments, preventing 28 million HIV infections by 2030 (13 million in sub-Saharan Africa) and 21 million deaths. Scaling up now would also mean USD 24 billion saved in future treatment costs. (http://www.unaids.org/en/resources/campaigns/WAD2014)

 As SWHAP has shown, workplaces are an important arena for addressing the causes and implications of HIV and AIDS. All parties in the workplace have a vested interest in ensuring that no one is left behind. Investment in workplace programmes has been shown to make good business sense for companies, by reducing absenteeism and improving productivity. On a macroeconomic level it is estimated that the HIV and AIDS epidemic reduces economic growth by 1% annually in some countries in sub-Saharan Africa (www.avert.org), inaction is not an option. Trade Unions are an important partner in scaling up the response to HIV and AIDS at the workplace, for example through their encouragement of members’ participation in programmes, better testing outcomes have been realised within the SWHAP network.

VCT and wellness tests during the Ericom, SWHAP, ILO Social Football Tournament in Zimbabwe.

VCT and wellness tests during the Ericom, SWHAP, ILO Social Football Tournament in Zimbabwe.

SWHAP supported workplaces are working towards healthy working environments where the human rights and dignity of all people including those living with HIV or other medical conditions are protected and respected. Workplace HIV and Wellness policies recognise HIV and AIDS as a workplace issue and ensure, the provision of education, information sharing, confidentiality, access to medical treatment and support services for all employees. These polices are in line with the International Labour Organization’s HIV and AIDS Recommendation (No.200).

Workplace programmes are helping to address some of the social and structural issues that prevent employees and their families from accessing testing and treatment services. Structured programmes provide access to testing and treatment for employees and families at the workplace through regular on-site testing and wellness days. Employee Support Programmes with counselling, nutrition support and follow-up of positive employees are helping to promote adherence to treatment. Tuberculosis, Condom, Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision and Peer Education Programmes promoting behaviour change are also playing their role in ensuring no one in the workplace is left behind.

Through community outreach programmes, companies are working with vulnerable key populations, for example adolescent girls and young women in Kenya, whilst in the DRC peer education programmes are addressing information gaps on sexual orientation that perpetuate stigma and discrimination, making it difficult for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersexed individuals to access healthcare services. Furthermore, SWHAP participation and support of programmes such as “Getting to Zero at Work” and “VCT@Work” is also helping to ensure many more people in the workplace and surrounding communities have access to testing and treatment.

This World AIDS Day lets scale-up our commitment and efforts to ending AIDS as a global health threat by 2030. Workplace HIV and wellness programmes can “Close the gap”.

The cost of gender based violence

November 25 is the International Day for Elimination of Violence Against Women. It marks the beginning of the 16 day campaign against gender based violence (GBV).  “Gender based violence includes physical, mental or sexual harm or suffering, threats of such acts, coercion and other deprivations of liberty” (www.un.org/women). GBV is a serious health concern. Survivors can experience physical, emotional and psychological trauma and can be at added risk of infection from sexually transmitted infections including HIV. Moreover where HIV is concerned, persons who fear or experience violence can lack the bargaining power to negotiate for safer sex. The majority of persons affected by GBV are women and girls, but men are not exempt.

Apart from the suffering of individuals, the impact of GBV can also be seen at a macroeconomic level, as there are costs related to health (treating survivors), justice (bringing perpetrators to justice) and lost earnings, revenues and taxes. A recent study by the professional services firm KPMG, estimated that the cost of violence against women can be as much as 2% of gross domestic product. A study by the same company on South Africa found that violence against women cost the country between ZAR 28.4 billion and 42.4 billion for the 2012/2013 period. (www.KPMG.com/za)

The effects of GBV can have a negative impact on productivity in the workplace, even if the violence takes place elsewhere. This is because the effects of such violence are sustained and remain with victims even as they enter the workplace (www.un.org/women). Work performance of employees that are survivors of GBV can suffer, motivation and commitment amongst other staff members may also be affected, and this can in turn affect absenteeism and turnover. Companies have a vested interest in ensuring that their workplaces are safe and free from violence and to also help those employees that have been affected by GBV. Raising awareness and implementing policies on sexual harassment are some of the measures that can be used. Babcock Ntuthuko from South Africa is one example among many from the SWHAP network of a company proactively working to raise the profile on GBV and sexual harassment in the workplace.

“Home safe every day” an example from Babcock Ntuthuko South Africa

Wellness is an important component of how business is run at Babcock. The company is committed to ensuring that all employees go home safe every day. The nature of work, servicing boilers, means that all aspects of health, mental, physical and emotional, impact safety. In 2013 the Wellness Committee at Babcock Ntuthuko Generation initiated a programme to raise awareness on GBV and sexual harassment at the male dominated workplace.  The objectives of the programme were to promote understanding of sexual harassment in the workplace, clarify company policy on the subject, highlight zero tolerance of sexual harassment, and to encourage any victims to come forward.  The programme also addressed cultural norms and stereo types on masculinity that perpetuate GBV.

Forums and industrial theatre were used to enhance messages in a visual manner and explain the sexual harassment policy in a way that was memorable for employees. Voluntary counselling and testing was also offered after each performance. The programme reached all the employees at Babcock, a planning and implementation challenge considering that Babcock employees are located at five external power station sites.

Results of the initiative:

  • Employees were educated on sexual harassment policy and procedure
  • Employees were educated on how to identify the different forms of sexual harassment and the reporting procedures
  • Trust was built between management and employees and reassured GBV survivors of management commitment to fair treatment
  • As a consequence of offering VCT after each performance, an additional 43 HIV positive employees were identified through the programme and initiated on to treatment and or support.
  • Confidentiality was re-enforced
  • No new cases of sexual harassment have been reported since the initiative was completed

Babcock Ntuthuko were the recipient of the SWHAP Achievement Award 2013 for Best Progress in workplace programming. This initiative highlighted the importance of working with men to address issues of GBV.


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Gender Based Violence